Romanian VAT Registration

In the complex realm of taxation, the specifics of Value Added Tax (VAT) registration in Romania can often pose a challenge, particularly for businesses expanding into this market.

The Romanian tax authorities maintain specific regulations for VAT registration, governed by thresholds that vary depending on the nature of the business and its operations.

Navigating these regulations requires an understanding of the necessary documentation, the unique identifiers assigned by the tax authorities, and the intricacies of Romanian VAT compliance.

As we delve into this topic, it becomes clear that a thorough understanding of VAT registration in Romania is not just an obligation, but a strategic move for businesses keen on successful operations within the country.

Key Takeaways

  • The VAT registration threshold is nil for foreign businesses trading in Romania that are already VAT registered in their home state.
  • EU-based businesses can register directly with the Romanian tax authorities or use a fiscal representative, while non-EU businesses are required to register through a fiscal representative.
  • EU-based businesses need to provide various documents such as VAT certificate, articles of association, and documentation of taxable transactions in Romania, while non-EU businesses require additional documents like a statement of commencement of activity and power of attorney.
  • Once registration is granted, a unique Romanian VAT number is allocated to the company, which consists of the prefix RO followed by a number assigned by the tax authorities.


The process of VAT registration in Romania is underpinned by several key elements, each with its own set of requirements and implications for different types of businesses.

This includes understanding the different thresholds for VAT registration, the specific information required for obtaining a Romanian VAT number, and the operational responsibilities post-registration.

Throughout this discussion, we will offer a detailed analysis of these fundamental points, offering expert advice to facilitate a smoother registration process for businesses operating in Romania.

Romanian VAT Registration Highlights

Navigating the intricacies of Romanian VAT registration can be a complex task for businesses. In order to comply with the regulations, businesses must adhere to varying thresholds and specific criteria, depending on their location (EU or non-EU), nature of activities, and annual turnover.

For foreign and EU businesses, VAT registration in Romania is mandatory. However, the documentation required for registration differs for EU and non-EU companies. It is important to understand and provide the appropriate documentation to ensure a smooth registration process.

Once registered, businesses will be allocated a Romanian VAT number. This number is essential for conducting VAT-related transactions in Romania and should be obtained after the successful completion of the registration process.

After registration, businesses must also ensure compliance with the rules and regulations set forth by Romanian tax authorities. This includes the timely submission of VAT Returns, which are regular reports detailing the VAT transactions made by the business.

Navigating the Romanian VAT registration process requires careful attention to detail and a thorough understanding of the requirements and procedures. By following these steps and fulfilling the necessary obligations, businesses can successfully navigate the Romanian VAT system and ensure compliance with the authorities.

Helpful Registration Advice

Understanding the complexities of Romanian VAT registration is crucial for both EU and non-EU businesses seeking to establish a commercial presence in Romania, as this process involves specific thresholds, necessary documents, unique VAT number allocation, and strict compliance regulations. Registering correctly ensures compliance, while understanding the VAT number format aids in seamless transactions.

Key AspectDetail
ThresholdDepends on the annual turnover
VAT NumberUnique, allocated upon registration
RegistrationMandatory for established businesses
DocumentationVaries, based on entity’s origin
ComplianceStrict regulations to adhere to

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Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Register for VAT in Romania?

To register for VAT in Romania, businesses must provide the necessary documentation to the Romanian tax authorities or a fiscal representative, depending on their location. Once approved, a unique Romanian VAT number will be assigned.

How Does VAT Work in Romania?

In Romania, VAT operates through a system where businesses register, receive a unique VAT number, and then charge VAT on their sales. Compliance with regulations and regular filing of returns are essential parts of this process.

What Is the VAT Act in Romania?

The VAT Act in Romania outlines rules for value-added tax, including registration thresholds, VAT number format, trading commencement, compliance regulations, and VAT credit refund process. It’s essential for businesses trading within Romania.

What Is Tax Registration Number in Romania?

A Tax Registration Number (TRN) in Romania is a unique identifier assigned to businesses for tax purposes. It is required for conducting taxable transactions, complying with VAT regulations, and for filing regular VAT returns in Romania.


In conclusion, Romanian VAT registration is a vital process for businesses operating within the country. It involves understanding the different thresholds for VAT registration, preparing the necessary documents, and obtaining a unique VAT number.

Moreover, adherence to Romanian VAT compliance rules and regular filing of returns is paramount. This guide provides necessary information to navigate these processes, ultimately aiding businesses in mitigating potential VAT challenges and fostering smooth operations in the Romanian market.

Barry Caldwell

Barry Caldwell

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