Vat In Bulgaria – Guide To Value Added Tax

Welcome to the world of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Bulgaria. As a VAT specialist, I am here to provide you with all the information and resources needed for understanding this important tax.

This guide is designed to help you gain an in-depth knowledge of how VAT works in Bulgaria, so that you can confidently navigate this complex system. With my expertise, you’ll be able to take control of your taxes and master the process of filing them correctly. Let’s get started!

Bulgarian laws regarding taxation are ever changing, making it difficult for businesses operating within their borders to keep up with new regulations. To ensure compliance with these laws, companies must understand what value added tax is and how it affects their bottom line.

In this article I will explain everything you need to know about VAT in Bulgaria – from calculating rates and registering as a taxpayer, to preparing returns and dealing with penalties. By the end of this comprehensive guide, you’ll have become a true master of Bulgarian VAT law.

What Is Value Added Tax?

Value Added Tax (VAT) is a type of consumption tax that is placed on goods and services. It serves to increase the cost of these items for consumers, with businesses collecting the amount due from purchasers.

In Bulgaria, VAT has been in place since 1991 and continues to be an important source of revenue for the government. A business’s liability for Value Added Tax depends upon its level of turnover or sales during a given period. Generally speaking, companies must register if their annual turnover exceeds BGN 50 000.

The calculation process involves taking into account any taxable supplies made by the company within a certain timeframe, then deducting any input tax incurred through purchases related to those same activities. This results in either a net payment or refund owed to the business, depending on whether more was collected than spent over this time frame.

It is essential that all Bulgarian-based businesses understand how VAT works and accurately calculate their liabilities each quarter. With incorrect calculations leading to hefty fines, it pays off to stay up-to-date with both national regulations as well as EU directives when applicable – which can become quite complicated!

To ensure compliance, many companies opt for specialist support from accounting firms who are experienced in dealing with taxes such as Value Added Tax. Armed with comprehensive knowledge about rates and exemptions specific to Bulgaria, they can help navigate and simplify even complex financial situations whenever needed.

Vat In Bulgaria – Rates & Exemptions

VAT in Bulgaria is like a maze of rules and regulations, making it difficult for businesses to understand their obligations. To make matters even more complicated, the rates and exemptions vary according to the type of goods or services being provided.

Below are some key points that VAT tax specialists in Bulgaria should be aware of:

Thresholds – Businesses must register as soon as they exceed an annual threshold of BGN 50,000 (or €25,500).

Compliance – All companies registered with VAT must submit returns every quarter and keep records up-to-date.

Exemptions – Goods such as books, medical products and most food items are exempt from taxation under EU law.

Reduced Rates– Some items have reduced rate taxes which range between 5% – 18%. These include hotel accommodation, restaurant meals and transport services.

Zero Rate– Certain exported goods can be taxed at 0%, including IT equipment and software development services.

It’s important to note that these thresholds, compliance measures and exemptions change regularly so staying on top of updates is essential to remain compliant with Bulgarian laws.

As well as keeping track of changes in legislation, businesses should also consider registering for eInvoicing when dealing with customers based outside Bulgaria since this will help ensure accurate record keeping.

With all these complexities in mind business owners need to take into account multiple factors before deciding whether or not VAT registration is necessary for them.

Vat Registration In Bulgaria

VAT registration in Bulgaria is a necessary step for businesses to take if they wish to remain compliant with the local tax regulations. The paperwork involved can seem daunting, but having a good understanding of all that’s required will help make it easier.

To start off, any business wishing to register as liable for VAT must fill out and submit an application form and provide relevant supporting documentation such as proof of address, certificate of incorporation or trading license.

Once your documents are submitted, you should receive confirmation from the authorities within 3 days regarding their acceptance of your application. It’s important to note that in cases where a company fails to meet certain criteria, additional information may be requested by the Bulgarian National Revenue Agency (NRA) before approval can be given.

If approved, you’ll then receive a unique identification number (UID) which should be used on all future correspondence relating to vat compliance matters.

Having obtained its UID, the business entity is now officially registered as liable for VAT in Bulgaria and can begin complying with applicable laws and regulations related to taxation. This includes familiarizing yourself with rates and deadlines associated with filing returns each period.

With this knowledge in hand, companies have everything they need to get started on completing their first VAT return right away!

Completing A Vat Return

In Bulgaria, the value added tax (VAT) rate is 20%. This means that businesses must collect a significant amount of money to then pay back in taxes. To ensure that this process goes smoothly, it is important for business owners to understand how to complete a VAT return correctly and timely.

Completing a VAT return involves careful calculation and understanding of various elements such as:

– Electronic payments – transactions completed electronically should be registered separately from non-electronic ones;

– Value Added Tax liability – all invoices issued by the company throughout the month need to be taken into account when calculating the due amount of taxes;

– Intrastat Reporting – companies involved in international trade are required to submit additional information about their activities on an individual basis;

– Deductible expenses – certain deductions can be made for specific goods or services purchased during the reporting period;

– Credit notes – if any amendments have been done over the course of month, they will also affect your final VAT bill.

To make sure everything runs smoothly, you should always keep detailed records of your purchases and sales. Additionally, periodic checks with professionals specialized in VAT returns are recommended so that mistakes do not occur.

The benefits of getting things right from day one far outweigh any costs associated with obtaining professional advice. With proper knowledge and preparation, completing a successful VAT return becomes much easier for business owners in Bulgaria.

Understanding Intrastat Reporting

Intrastat reporting is a key part of understanding VAT in Bulgaria. This process involves tracking and reporting the movement of goods within the European Union to the National Statistical Institute (NSI). The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that tax regulations are followed while also providing accurate statistical data on trade between countries.

The thresholds for intrastat reporting vary from country to country, but they all involve triggering thresholds based on either total sales or number of transactions. In Bulgaria, these triggers are defined as follows: if your business has more than €150,000 worth of intra-European deliveries or services per annum, you must submit an Intrastat report; if you have over 400 separate Intra-EU acquisitions/dispatches during one quarter then you must submit an Intrastat report.

Country VAT Thresholds Intrastat Thresholds
——- ————— ———————
Bulgaria €50 000 >400 Transactions / Quarter
>€150 000 Per Annum

In order to make sure that businesses comply with their obligations under Bulgarian law, it’s important to understand both the value added tax (VAT) thresholds and the intrastat reporting requirements. It’s essential that companies remain up-to-date with any changes in regulations since failure to do so could result in hefty fines and other penalties. By having a clear grasp of both sets of rules, businesses can avoid costly errors and ensure compliance with government regulations across Europe. With this knowledge in hand, businesses can move onto exploring reverse charge transactions and how they might be affected by them.

Reverse Charge Transactions

Reversed charge transactions are a complex area of VAT in Bulgaria as they involve cross border transactions and distance selling.

In fact, during 2019 it was reported that the amount of Vat charged on goods imported from outside the EU into Bulgaria was €2.7 billion – making this one of the most important areas to understand under Bulgarian VAT law.

In order to correctly apply reversed charge rules in Bulgaria, all businesses must ensure that they have registered for a valid EORI number with their local tax authority. This will allow them to report any sales made through reverse charging accurately on their quarterly returns.

It is also essential that companies double-check whether or not customers from outside the EU qualify for reverse charging before selling goods or services, as failure to do so could result in costly fines and penalties.

For those who regularly engage in international trade, there may be additional obligations such as filing Intrastat declarations and submitting monthly reports electronically. Businesses should also be aware that some types of transaction, such as telecoms and digital services, require special attention when calculating foreign taxes due for importation into Bulgaria.

With these complexities in mind, it’s vital to seek professional advice if you need help ensuring compliance with Bulgarian VAT legislation relating to reverse charge transactions.

Having discussed how complicated reverse charge transactions can be within the realm of Bulgarian VAT law, we now turn our focus onto filing a vat refund claim – an equally pressing matter amongst business owners looking to maximise profits while maintaining legal accuracy.

Filing A Vat Refund Claim

Filing a VAT Refund Claim is an essential part of the process for reclaiming value added tax (VAT) in Bulgaria. It is important to note that all applications must be made before their respective deadlines, or else the claim will not be successful.

As a vat specialist, it’s my job to help you understand all the necessary steps involved when filing a refund claim. This includes understanding what documents are required, how and where to submit them as well as being aware of any additional fees associated with claiming your VAT back from Bulgaria’s Ministry of Finance.

It also pays to know exactly when these claims need to be submitted in order to adhere to set deadlines and ensure your VAT reclaiming is processed successfully – this can vary depending on whether you’re registered for regular return or special procedure, so please do get in touch if you require further advice at any stage during this process.

With that said, let’s look deeper into how penalties & interest charges are handled when dealing with VAT matters in Bulgaria.

How To Deal With Penalties & Interest Charges

The penalties and interest charges for late filing of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Bulgaria can be a daunting prospect. To illustrate the gravity of this situation, let’s take an example from one of our clients: they had a VAT return due on 15th June but filed it 6 weeks late. The result was that their penalty assessment came to over 4,000 leva – half as much again as what their actual tax liability would have been!

Naturally, understanding how these penalties are calculated is essential if business owners want to avoid such hefty fines.

Late filing penalties are based on the amount of time between when your VAT return was due and when you actually filed it. If there’s more than three months’ delay then the fine will be higher than if there were only two or fewer months’ delay.

As well as taking into account the length of time taken to file your returns, Bulgarian authorities also look at whether any taxes remain unpaid after thirty days past the original payment deadline – this could lead to further interest charges being applied too.

In order to stay compliant with Bulgarian law, it is vital that businesses understand exactly how those penalties and interest charges are determined by the government so they can make sure they don’t fall foul of them. Being up-to-date with all relevant regulations can help keep future problems at bay and ensure smoother operations overall within Bulgaria’s tax system.

The Bulgarian Tax System

The Bulgarian Tax System is a comprehensive system which provides incentives to taxpayers, as well as compliance requirements. These features are vital for the country’s economic growth and stability, while encouraging foreign investment in Bulgaria.

The tax legislation ensures that all businesses are paying their fair share of taxes. It also helps create an environment where companies can operate without fear of legal or financial penalties.

The taxation structure has been designed to be competitive with other European countries, allowing businesses to benefit from lower overall tax rates than they would otherwise have to pay elsewhere. This creates a favourable business climate where investors feel confident investing in Bulgaria because they know their investments will be taxed fairly and reasonably.

There are also various deductions available depending on the type of company and its activity, such as research & development expenses or green energy initiatives.

Tax incentives such as reduced corporate income tax rates continue to attract new businesses into the country, helping sustain long-term economic growth. At the same time, strict compliance rules ensure that these benefits are not abused by companies seeking to evade taxes altogether.

With this balance between incentives and requirements in place, Bulgaria remains one of Europe’s most attractive places for doing business. Allowing entities to make informed decisions regarding payment of their VAT obligations is essential for continued success in this area.

Payment Of Vat In Bulgaria

Bulgaria has a value added tax (VAT) system that businesses must comply with when conducting transactions. It is important for companies to understand the accounting rules associated with VAT and any other applicable regulations, as failure to do so could lead to costly penalties or fines.

To ensure compliance, it is essential for business owners in Bulgaria to properly pay their taxes on time and in full. This includes keeping up-to-date financial records of all relevant information related to invoices, payments, and receipts.

Here are some key points regarding payment of VAT:

* Payment Options:

* Bank transfers

* Cheques

* Taxpayers Responsibilities:

* Submit regular returns

* Pay taxes by deadlines set by Bulgarian authorities

By meeting these responsibilities, companies will be able to stay compliant with local tax laws while avoiding potential risks such as interest charges and late fees. With this understanding in place, businesses can now move onto the next step which involves electronic filing of VAT declarations and payments.

Electronic Filing Of Vat

VAT in Bulgaria has a number of filing requirements, one of which is the obligation to file electronically. This process can be done fairly quickly and easily by any business registered for VAT purposes in Bulgaria.

It involves submitting an online form that contains all necessary information about company’s imports and exports from/to other EU countries as well as detailed records on their internal transactions related to Value Added Tax (VAT).

The benefits of electronic VAT filing are numerous; firstly it helps businesses better manage the data required for import and export declarations, thereby reducing costs associated with administering complex paperwork.

Additionally, companies can use software solutions to automate calculations so they don’t have to manually enter each transaction into their system before submitting them to Bulgarian tax authorities. Furthermore, when importing goods or services from other EU member states there is no need to pay additional taxes due since these will already be included in the price declared at point-of-sale.

Finally, this type of filing allows businesses to keep accurate records and make sure that their financial accounts comply with local laws regarding taxation.

This procedure provides peace of mind for taxpayers who wish to ensure compliance with applicable regulations without having to spend time learning complicated rules or dealing with tedious paperwork. In addition, electronic systems enable real-time access of up-to-date data so users can always be certain they are using the most recent version of the law while preparing documents.

With this knowledge in hand, we move forward towards understanding changes in value added tax law in Bulgaria.

Changes In Vat Law In Bulgaria

Bulgaria has seen significant changes to their Value Added Tax (VAT) laws over the past decade. As a VAT tax specialist in Bulgaria, it is important to ensure that businesses remain compliant with current fiscal policy and regulations.

In this article, we will discuss some of the most recent changes in Bulgarian VAT law:

* Regulations on cross-border sales;

* New rules for filing returns;

* Changes to reverse charge procedure;

* Revisions regarding payment deadlines.

As any business or individual relying on accurate information about VAT must stay up-to-date with changing legislation, understanding these modifications can be vital for maintaining compliance.

In addition, having an awareness of new procedures helps streamline operations and saves time when submitting taxes each year. With knowledge comes power, so taking control of your finances by learning more about VAT law updates will lead to greater success.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is The Threshold For Vat Registration In Bulgaria?

The threshold for VAT registration in Bulgaria is relatively generous, with companies only needing to file if the total turnover of goods or services exceeds 50,000 BGN per year.

This exemption limit is quite high compared to other countries and provides a welcome relief to smaller businesses who would otherwise be burdened by filing requirements.

However, it’s important to note that even businesses below this threshold may still need to register depending on their rateable activities – so make sure you’ve got all your facts straight before proceeding!

Do I Need To Register For Intrastat Reporting?

Filing for intrastat reporting is an important part of VAT implications in Bulgaria. It’s essential to ensure you meet the filing deadlines so that your business remains compliant with Bulgarian regulations.

As a VAT tax specialist, it’s paramount to understand if your company needs to register for this form of reporting and fulfill any requirements necessary. Doing so will help save time and money while keeping your businesses fully compliant with all relevant laws.

How Long Do I Have To Wait For A Vat Refund?

When it comes to receiving a VAT refund, timeframes can vary depending on the circumstances. Generally speaking, you should expect your refund to be processed within 4-6 weeks of submitting your application.

However, if complications arise due to incorrect paperwork or any other issues that may come up along the way, this timeline could potentially be extended significantly – in some cases even months.

As such, it’s important to make sure all documents pertaining to your application are correct and complete when they’re initially submitted in order to minimize delays as much as possible.

How Can I Pay Vat In Bulgaria?

Paying VAT in Bulgaria doesn’t have to be a taxing task! With the right vat planning and knowledge of the exemption rules, you’ll be able to navigate through this process with ease.

Knowing your obligations as far as taxes go is essential when running any business – while it may seem daunting at first, understanding the Bulgarian system will give you peace of mind come tax season.

So don’t let yourself get bogged down; find out what’s required so that you can pay your dues without breaking a sweat!

What Are The Penalties For Late Filing Of A Vat Return?

When it comes to filing your VAT return in Bulgaria, there are significant penalties for late or missing submissions.

Penalty rates start at 0.2% of the amount due and can rise up to 10%, depending on how far overdue the submission is from its respective due date.

It’s essential that you make sure all of your returns are submitted well within their due dates; otherwise, you may be subject to a costly fine.


As a VAT tax specialist in Bulgaria, I’m well versed in the complexities of dealing with value added taxes. It’s important to understand that the threshold for registration is low and it pays to be prepared.

Intrastat reporting may or may not be necessary depending on circumstances, but the wait time for refunds can sometimes be lengthy. Payment options are varied, however late filing fees should never be ignored as they could have serious financial implications.

In all cases, being aware of these laws and regulations is key to ensuring compliance and keeping your business running smoothly.

Barry Caldwell

Barry Caldwell

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